It might sound like a task reserved for professionals, but the truth is, anyone can learn how to graft a rose, even with different varieties.

Rose and rosebud

Grafting a rose may seem like a complex process, but with a few essential tips, it becomes an achievable task. While it’s not an instantaneous outcome, the satisfaction of witnessing flowers from various varieties blooming on the same plant is well worth the effort. This natural creation allows you to diversify your rose collection without the need to purchase additional types.

Grafting a rose with different varieties: Step-by-step guide

roses and gardening

Grafting a rose with different varieties involves a series of basic yet crucial steps. The results may not be immediate, but the unique plant that emerges from combining two different varieties is rewarding.

  1. Select the Rootstock: Choose the rootstock carefully; experts often recommend using a dog rose as the rootstock with a multiflora rose, especially for beginners. Dog roses have robust, low-maintenance roots that adapt well to various soils. Multiflora, with its shallow roots, is an ideal addition for this type of grafting.
  2. Obtain the Rootstock: Obtain the rootstock by planting the seeds of the two chosen varieties or creating it from cuttings. Take two branches measuring about twenty centimeters in length during winter, plant them in the summer, and nurture your own seedling.
  3. Prepare Tools and Materials: Before proceeding with the graft, gather necessary tools such as disinfected scissors and ligature materials. Ensure the operation is carried out when the outside temperature is around 25 degrees Celsius.
  4. Cut and Attach: Cut the branch with the tools, making a perpendicular, not a clean cut. Prior to this, remove leaves and thorns for better working conditions. Attach the cut portion to the rootstock and secure it with raffia or another lightweight material, covering the previous cut.
  5. Monitor Rooting: After a month, remove the covering material to check the rooting progress.
  6. Critical Operation in February: In February, cut the rootstock at the graft point. During spring, observe the emergence of the first shoot, allowing it to reach fifteen centimeters. Trim it, and eliminate any wild shoots around the structure.
graft a rose

Always seek advice from a professional nurseryman, as not all rose varieties are suitable for grafting operations.